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Rehabilitation Measures Database

Spinal Cord Injury - Quality of Life Bladder Complications

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The SCI-QOL Bladder Complications instrument is used to assess difficulties associated with bladder complications in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI).

Link to Instrument

Instrument Details

Acronym SCI-QOL Bladder Complications

Area of Assessment

Quality of Life

Assessment Type

Patient Reported Outcomes

Administration Mode




Cost Description

Paper copies of short forms are available. PDFs can be requested through emails to and

Electronic versions can be found in the NIH Toolbox or the PROMIS app. Either app is $500/yr, and covers up to 10 iPads on a single license. The SCI-QOL and TBI-QOL CATs can be administered directly through these apps. It is important to note that using the app requires you to be physically with the participant or read the questions aloud by interview over the phone - there is no way to send a link to have someone complete the measures at home.

Free electronic versions are available. If your institution has REDCap, the CATs and short forms can be accessed through the REDCap instrument library by searching for the specific measure you want and adding them to your REDCap project. For non-REDCap alternatives, the SCI-QOL and TBI-QOL short forms can be imported into an alternative electronic administration platform such as Qualtrics, SurveyMonkey, Google Forms, etc. Email or to request PDF versions.


  • Spinal Cord Injury


Key Descriptions

  • The SCI-QOL Bladder Complications measure is a fixed length scale with 5 items. Respondents must complete all 5 items to receive a score.  

Number of Items


Equipment Required

  • The PDF version requires only the printed form and a pencil
  • Access to the scale is available through
  • Please see 'Cost Description' for more information on how to access this measure

Time to Administer

Less than 5 minutes

Required Training

Reading an Article/Manual

Age Ranges


18 - 64


Elderly Adults

65 +


Instrument Reviewers

Review completed by Kelsey Stipp, MS and Kristian Nitsch, MS for the Rehabilitation Measures Database Team.

ICF Domain

Body Function

Measurement Domain

General Health


Do you see an error or have a suggestion for this instrument summary? Please e-mail us!

Spinal Injuries

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Normative Data

(n= 297; Mean Age = 40.6, SD = 15.2; Time Post Injury = 7.6, SD= 11.6; 44% Paraplegia, 56% Tetraplegia).

Test/Retest Reliability

Traumatic SCI (Tulsky et al., 2015)

  • Adequate: (Pearson's r= 0.70)
  • Adequate: (ICC= 0.69)

Internal Consistency

Traumatic SCI (Tulsky et al., 2015)

  • Adequate: (Cronbach's Alpha= 0.79)

Content Validity

Items were derived from focus groups and interviews with individuals with traumatic SCI (n=65), and clinicians who specialize in SCI care (n=42) (Tulsky et al., 2011).


Tulsky, D.S., Kisala, P. Tate, D.G., Spungen, A.M., & Kirshblum, S.C. (2015). Development and psychometric characteristics of the SCI-QOL Bladder Management Difficulties and Bowel Management Difficulties item banks and short forms and the SCI-QOL Bladder Complications Scale. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 38(3), 288-302.

Tulsky, D.S., Kisala, P.A., Victorson, D. Tate, D., Heinemann, A.W., Amtmann, D., & Cella, D. (2011). Developing a contemporary patient-reported outcomes measure for spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 92(10), S44-S51.