Predictive validity (Brain Injury (CHI, anoxia, aneurysm, open-head injury, AV malformation, hemorrhage): (Pape et al, 2005a)
- True positive and negative rates for the baseline DOCS <48 or ≥ 48 indicate that the baseline DOCS detects recovery and lack of recovery of consciousness 71% and 68% of the time.
- The AUC = .73 when comparing predicted recovery according to the baseline DOCS with actual recovery of consciousness indicates that the baseline DOCS accurately discriminates between these outcomes 73% of the time.
Brain Injury, unconscious >28 days (closed head injury, anoxia, hemorrhage, aneurysm, blast injury):(Pape, et al., 2009; n= 113; mean age= 38 years old (TBI= 36 years old, OBI= 44.0 years old); mean days post injury= 48.3(TBI=45.93 days, OBI= 55.10 days))
- Excellent predictive validity at 4 months post injury (Area Under Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve - AUC = .87)
- Excellent predictive validity at 8 months post injury (AUC= .88)
- Excellent predictive validity at 12 months post injury (AUC= .89 )