Neural pathways and synapses can change by forming new connections or reorganizing previously existing networks. These changes can occur after learning new information, as neurons adjust their connectivity in response to new situations. Neuroplasticity can also occur in response to brain injury, as neural pathways reorganize to compensate for damaged brain regions. In our laboratory, we are interested in examining the changes in neuroplasticity that follow neurocognitive and neurostimulation-based interventions in both healthy individuals and those with brain injuries. In one of our studies, we are using fMRI-based neurofeedback to examine the extent to which learning to regulate activity in specific areas of the brain can improve behavioral performance and lead to region-specific changes in brain activity.